Nine Years with the Land Reform Programme in Ukraine
Sweden and Ukraine have been cooperating in the land reform programme in Ukraine since 1994. Swedesurvey’s Ukrainian counterpart is the Department of Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre at the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine.
Phase IV of the project, which terminated in September 2003, focused on the creation of an NSDI (National Spatial Data Infrastructure) for the entire country. The outcome of this Sida financed project is important not only to individual organizations but also for Ukraine as a whole and the results will improve effectiveness of public administration in the field of land reform.
What was achieved in the project? Most of the project objectives were fulfilled. The project supported the establishment of a standard for a Real Property System in Ukraine as well as supporting the development of a GeoSF (Geographic Spatial Framework) package, essential in outlining an NSDI. The project has also stimulated the titling process in the pilot sites (Ternopil, Kharkiv, Vinnitsa, Poltava, Rivne and the old Swedish village of Gammalsvenskby in Kherson Oblast). The Project also supported the issuing of thousands of State Acts (ownership certificates) and has examined different ways to prepare Index Maps (administrative boundaries) too. This research was carried out in close cooperation with the State Committee of Land Resources (Derzhkomzem). Training was an extensive part of the project; at least 2000 Ukrainians have received training in different subjects such as digital mapping, legislation, land management, land registration and land valuation. A lot of study trips and on-the-job training activities were carried out in Sweden in order for participants from Ukraine to study how Swedish/Western Real Property Systems work as well as to learn about digital map production. Finally, seminars were organized and carried out in Ukraine within the framework of the project on different aspects of women's access to land.